Readings – Western Civilization

  1. Early Civilizations / The Ancient Origins of the West
  2. Peoples, Gods, And Empires: 1700-500 B.C.E. / Gods and Kings
  3. The Rise of Greece 1000-400 B.C.E. / The Hellenic World
  4. The Greek World Expands, 400-150 B.C.E. / The World of Alexander
  5. Civilization Of Ancient Rome / Political Institutions of the Roman Republic
  6. The Transformation Of Rome / The Christianization of the Roman World
  7. Rome’s Three Heirs, 500-950: The Byzantine Empire, Islam, and Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire
  8. The Expansion Of Europe, 950-1100 / Religion, Wars, And Real Estate / The Holy Crusades
  9. The Consolidation Of Europe, 1100-1300 / The Rise of the Medieval University and Heresy

Early Civilizations / The Ancient Origins of the West

Babylonian Accounts of Creation
Babylonian Penitential Psalms
Chaldean Account of the Deluge (Flood)
The Code of Hammurabi
The Book of Genesis – Chapters 1-3: Creation (KJV)
Herodotus: An Account of the Egyptians
Hymn to the Nile
The Instruction of Ptah-Hotep
Ishtar’s Descent Into Hades
The Royal Standard of Ur – War and Peace
Sumerian Accounting Tablet

(Back to top)

Peoples, Gods, And Empires: 1700-500 B.C.E. / Gods and Kings

Akhenaton’s Hymn to the Aton
Assyrian Inscription of Tiglath Pileser I
The Career of Queen Hatshepsut
The Great Inscription of Darius at Behistun
An Inscription of Nebuchadnezzar
Reflections of Zarathustra
A Sermon Attributed to Zoroaster
Zarathustra and the Doctrine of Dualism
Minoan Bull Leaping

(Back to top)

The Rise of Greece 1000-400 B.C.E. / The Hellenic World

Euripides: A Meeting of the Ecclesia
Herodotus: The Battle of Marathon
Herodotus: The Battle of Salamis
Herodotus: The Battle of Plataea
Herodotus: Cleisthenes and Athenian Democracy
Hesiod: Works and Days
Pausianias: A Description of Olympia
Pindar: Second Olympian Ode
Plutarch: Aristides and His Opposition to Themistocles
Plutarch: Pericles Beautifies Athens
Plutarch: The Spartan Discipline for Youths
Xenophon: The Ideal Household

(Back to top)

The Greek World Expands, 400-150 B.C.E. / The World of Alexander

Arrian: Alexander and the Assimilation of the East
Arrian: Alexander at the Battle of Gaugamela
Athenæus: The Great Ship of Hieron, King of Syracuse
Cleanthes’s Hymn to Zeus
Diogenes Laërtius: The Sceptics: Life of Pyrrho
The Great Spectacle and Procession of Ptolemy Philadelphus
Justin: How Philip of Macedon Began His Reign
Plutarch: How Demosthenes Became an Orator
Plutarch: The Youth of Alexander the Great
Strabo: A Description of Alexandria

(Back to top)

Civilization Of Ancient Rome / Political Institutions of the Roman Republic

Appian: On the Graachi
The Canuleian Law
Cicero: On the Best Form of Government
Cicero: On the Laws
Juvenal: Diatribe Against the Women of Rome
Livy: How Cincinnatus Saved a Roman Army
Ammianus Marcellinus: The Luxury and Arrogance of the Rich in Rome
Petronius: The Banquet of Trimalchio
Plutarch: Spartacus and the Slave Revolt
Polybius: An Analysis of Roman Government
Quintillian: The Ideal Education
Sallust: The Conspiracy of Catiline
The Laws of the Twelve Tables

(Back to top)

The Transformation Of Rome / The Christianization of the Roman World

Ammianus Marcellinus: The Movement of the Huns and Goths into the Roman Empire
Cyprian: The Early Conception of a Catholic Church
Eusebius: How Constantine Overthrew Maxentius and Favored Christianity
Marcus Aurelius: Meditations
Origen: Principles of Faith
Accounts of Roman Persecution of the Christians
Pope Leo’s Sermon on the Petrine Sucession
Priscus on the Court of Attila King of the Huns
Conversation of Priscus with a Greek living among the Barbarians
Salvian: A Comparison Between the Lot of Those Within the Empire and Those Who Lived Among the Barbarians
Theodoret: How St. Ambrose Humiliated Theodosius the Great

(Back to top)

Rome’s Three Heirs, 500-950: The Byzantine Empire, Islam, and Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire

From Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages

Bede: The Conversion of England
Bede: Description of Purgatory, Hell, and Heaven
The Carolingian Revival of Learning
The Deeds of Clovis as Related by Gregory of Tours
Einhard: How Charlemagne Became Emperor
General Capitulary for the Missi
Liutprand of Cremona: Report of his Mission to Constantinople
Selections from the Qur’an

(Back to top)

The Expansion Of Europe, 950-1100 / Religion, Wars, And Real Estate / The Holy Crusades

Aanselm of Ribemont to Manasses II
The Battle of Hastings, William of Malmesbury
The Charter of the Ministerials of the Archbishop of Cologne, 1154
Daimbert, Godfrey and Raymond, to the Pope, Laodicea, September, 1099
The Law of the Family of the Bishop of Worms, 1023
Magna Carta, 1215
Manumission of a Villein, 1278
The Sack of Constantinople, c. 1205
Letter from a Crusader
The Truce of God, issued at Cologne (1083)
Speech of Urban II at the Council of Clermont, November 26, 1095
Viscount of Carcassone does homage to the abbot of St. Mary of Grasse (1110)

(Back to top)

The Consolidation Of Europe, 1100-1300 / The Rise of the Medieval University and Heresy

Bernard Gui on the Albigensians
The Conversion of Peter Waldo (c.1218)
Dante, The Banquet
Description of the Albigensians, c. 13th century
The Donation of Constantine (c.750-800)
The Early Career of St. Bernard, c. 1150
Early Consciousness of Abuses in the Church, c. 12th century
The Foundation of the Monastery at Cluny, 910
The Foundation of the University of Heidelberg (1386)
Gregory VII, The Dictate of the Pope (c. 1090)
Medieval Students’ Songs, c. 12th century
Petrarch’s Description of the Averroists, c. 13th century
The Rule of St. Francis of Assisi
Statutes of Gregory IX, for the University of Paris, 1231
Statutes of Robert De Courçon for Paris, 1215
University of Paris: Condemnation of Errors, 1241

(Back to top)

Crisis, Unrest, and Opportunity, 1300-1500 / The Calamitous Fourteenth Century

Title
Title